Pistachio Kernel

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Valuable information about pistachio nuts

Pistachio nuts are single-seeded fruits from the pistachio tree and from the Sumac family, which is native to the Mediterranean region.

Pistachios have thin leaves and a 1 to 2 cm thick core, which has a hard, light brown shell that opens when ripe. The kernels have a thin brown layer around them. The pith coat contains antioxidants that protect the seeds from oxidation rich in atmospheric oxygen to prevent yellowing (oxidative microstructure). After harvesting the brain cover, bright green seeds are a sign of fresh nuts.

There are many varieties of pistachios, also known as green almonds.

More to know

Acceptable pistachio nuts should be of medium quality, dry, and mostly green (old nuts are often yellow), contain no dust or foreign additives, and have a good smell and taste. 95-98% of the brain in its shell should be open.

We should note that pistachio nuts from the harvest of the previous year may be mixed. Pistachio nuts from last year’s harvest tend to stink and be attacked by cockroaches.

Nuts are used as a seasoning (for meat and sausage products) or as a flavoring in confectionery and chocolate, bakery products, and ice cream.

Pistachio nuts are sold fried and salted with the shell to be used as nuts and also sold as a whole for the oily substance of the nut.

Packing pistachio kernels with air is ideal because pistachio kernels easily absorb moisture from the air, thus becoming soft and crunchy due to oxygen.

Fruit Dates

A date is a stone fruit, meaning it has a single seed surrounded by an outer fleshy fruit (like peaches, mangoes, and olives). They're grown on date palm trees, The Middle East produces the most and the best quality of this maswa in the world.


Pistachio is a small tree from the cashew family that originates from Central Asia and Iran. This tree produces seeds that are widely consumed as food. This fruit has a high nutritional value, which is a good natural source of protein and vitamin B6.

Facts of Pistachios
  • With a 1-ounce (28-gram) serving of about 49 pistachios containing the following:Calories: 159Carbs: 8 gramsFiber: 3 grams

    Protein: 6 grams

    Fat: 13 grams (90% are unsaturated fats)

    Potassium: 6% of the Reference Daily Intake (RDI)

    Phosphorus: 11% of the RDI

    Vitamin B6: 28% of the RDI

    Thiamine: 21% of the RDI

    Copper: 41% of the RDI

    Manganese: 15% of the RDI

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